Quick Review on Veterinary Pathology

TERMINOLOGY Edema: is a condition of abnormally large fluid volume in the circulatory system or in tissues between the body's cells (interstitial spaces) Embolism: An embolism is an obstruction in a blood vessel due to a blood clot or other foreign matter that gets stuck while traveling through the bloodstream. The plural of embolism is emboli Erythrocytes Macrocytes: larger erythrocytes of normal shape Microcytes: Ab [...]

Quick Review on Veterinary Parasitology

TERMINOLIGY Acaricide: chemical substance having a cidal or lethal effect on the Acarida, a subclass of the athropods to which ticks and mites belong. Anaemia: reduced number of erythrocytes or red blood cells often resulting by haemolysis due to the damaging action of intra erythrocytic parasites suchg as Plasmodium or Babesia Anthroponoses: human diseases that can be transmitted to animals Commensalism: when one sym [...]

Quick Review on Veterinary Planning & Extention

PROJECT DESIGN FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASE OF FARM ANIMALS The reasons for investigating outbreaks are to Prevent further disease transmission Provide information which can be used to control the outbreak Prevent similar occurrences in the future Identify populations at risk for a disease Evaluate the effectiveness of public health programs Characterize modes of disease transmission Train public healt [...]

Quick Review on Animal Breeding

TERMINOLOGY Animal breeding: Branch of animal science that addresses the evaluation (using best linear unbiased prediction and other methods) of the genetic value (estimated breeding value, EBV) of domestic livestock. Backcross: Backcross is the mating of a two–breed animal back to one of the two parental breeds Crossbreeding: Mating of different breeds to produce multi-breed offspring. Dominance: A dominant gene affe [...]

Quick Review on Dairy Development

QUICK INFORMATION Louis Pasteur, 1856 invented pasteurization June is national l dairy month An enzyme from the stomachs of dairy cattle added to cheese to help coagulate the curds is called as rennet 60:40 is the usual ratio of the amount of milk produced by the rear udder versus the fore udder Myoepithelial are essential for milk letdown Adrenaline hormone blocks milk letdown The hollow cavity foun [...]

Quick Review on Veterinary Surgery

TERMINOLOGY Luxations: Luxations involve loss of integrity to one or more joint ligaments as well as damage to other joint structures such as the fibrous joint capsule and surrounding tendons. Sprain: A sprain may defined as the stretching or tearing of supporting ligament of joint by forced movement beyond its normal range Fracture: A fracture is a breach/ break/ dissolution in the continuity of a hard tissue like bone and [...]

Quick Review on Veterinary Gynecology

TERMINOLOGY Colostrum: is the first milk produced after birth Dystocia: difficult calving Freemartin: Sterile female born twin with a bull. About 93% of females born twin with a bull are sterile. Registration of such a heifer is withheld until proof of fertility is established. Gestation: Period from conception to birth of offspring; pregnancy. Average length of gestation for dairy cattle is approximately 280 days [...]

Quick Review on Veterinary Pharmacology

TERMINOLOGY Agonist: Drug that has affinity for receptor to and stimulates the receptor to action. Amnesia: Partial/complete loss of memory Anaphrodisiaces: decreased sexual desire Antizymotic: Agent that control fermentation Bioavailability: The percent of dose entering the systemic circulation after administration of a given dosage form. Biotransformation: It is the body’s ability to change a drug chemic [...]

Quick Review on Poultry Management

TERMINOLOGY Antibody: A protein molecule capable of combining specifically with an antigen. Antigen: A substance foreign to the host animal, commonly a disease agent or vaccine. Bantam - Mini version of the larger breeds, being approximately one quarter the size. Battery Hen - female bird housed in intensive egg production unit. Broiler - Young (normally eight weeks old) male or female birds weighing 3 to 3.5lbs [...]

Quick Review on Veterinary Microbiology

TERMINOLOGY A disinfectant: It is used to destroy micro-organisms off of any surface usually used in living tissue Aero tolerant anaerobes:  Ignore oxygen, grow equally well with or without An antiseptic: It is used to destroy micro-organisms off of the skin usually used on non-living things which are also much stronger and are too toxic to be used on living tissue Facultative anaerobes: grow with or without oxyg [...]

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